Chile California Exchange 2019
Chile California Exchange 2019
The Chile California Conservation Exchange
(CCCX) was born from the remarkable similarity and symmetry between both places and from the innumerable parallel efforts to celebrate, protect and restore their landscapes from north to south.
Already in its third year, the CCCX Project focuses mainly on:
· Helping to draft laws, foster best practices and stronger institutions for the conservation and protection of the marine environment and public and private lands, to the benefit of all Chileans.
· Exposing conservation leaders in the United States to innovations in Chile.
· Expanding conservational philanthropy within Chile, and
· Promoting continuous and mutually advantageous collaboration between environmental conservation leaders and professionals in Chile and California.
Given the growing sense of urgency, it is inevitable that the focus of collaboration will also turn towards the climate crisis, where joint efforts have enriched the exchange. Chile hosted COP25 in December 2019, an honor for the country and a forum from which to launch new ideas and generate a renewed sense of commitment to the coming challenges that will allow us to save our planet.
The conference agenda was divided into the topics summarized below, including the efforts to be made by all.
1. Protection and Coastal Management 2. Marine Protected Areas (MPA)
3. Financing, Taxes and Philanthropy
4. Conservation of Private Lands
Some objectives common to these topics are identifying priorities and next steps in collaboration, coordinating activities related to COP25, including Chile’s effort to determine NDCs, and group events and meetings. Below is a brief description of the relevant efforts to be made regarding each topic:
1. Protection of coastal management: a group of experts from Costa Chile and the Observatorio de la Costa have proposed two actions:
· Progress in drafting a Coastal Law and determine the NDCs.
· Increase the participation and inclusion of municipal and local actors through a bottom-up approach to give greater visibility to conflicts and generate local referendums on coastal protection, among other locally specific actions.
Next year the idea is to focus on the municipal level, bringing Mayors of coastal Municipalities. At the regional level, the focus will be on how to strengthen existing institutions (e.g., committees) and design
a regional NDC proposal on coastal zoning. Finally, discussions on climate change and resilience along the coast should also be concentrated locally but
from a collaborative perspective. The following topics were addressed in later discussions, among others:
· The elections for regional governors will be
held in 2020, so it will be key to find allies and representatives.
· The team is working on an article on the coast in the Climate Change Law.
· Collaboration and information exchange should be promoted to develop a baseline and establish long- term monitoring plans.
· The 5th International Congress on Marine Protected Areas (IMPAC5) will be held in Vancouver, Canada,
in September 2021. It will be a good opportunity to present progress.
2. MPA: Two main problems were identified in reference to this topic:
· Efforts should be increased to improve the distribution of current MPA coverage across regions and between coastal and ocean areas.
· Efforts should also be increased to link MPAs with climate mitigation and adaptation strategies, which will create good opportunities for international collaboration.
The discussion highlighted the importance of reflecting high-level international objectives in our policy, such as protecting 30% of land and sea by 2030 and 50% by 2050, and also of maintaining dialogue with the House of Representatives and the Senate in Chile to advocate these policies.
3. Financing, taxes and philanthropy: The following steps were set down for this topic:
· Expand the Environmental Philanthropy Network to increase its power of representation.
· Continue collecting and systematizing data to have solid arguments to influence the potential legislation on tax benefits for conservation.
· Increase efforts to educate people regarding tax benefits (e.g., demonstrate to the State how people can benefit) and encourage donations by individuals through communication strategies, events, and individual conversations with legislators.
· Collaborate with environmental actors in Chile to design philanthropic legislation that can address the greatest number of needs and solve as many problems as possible.
4. Private Land Conservation: 2 geographies were highlighted in Chile for the next stage of land
· Patagonia, where the key challenges are to develop
public-private partnerships for proper management of protected areas and to coordinate with local development strategies.
· Central Chile, where the key challenges are to effectively communicate the value of ecosystems to decision-makers and landowners, to develop appropriate incentives and standards for private conservation, and to maintain existing collaboration with UC Berkeley and UC Davis.
One final observation referred to the importance
of emphasizing the economic contributions of conservation to territories and communities, especially in areas such as Patagonia, where this approach has proven to be an excellent development strategy.